Hamadan is one of the oldest cities of not only Iran but of the world . Its histotrical origins date goes back to several centuries before Christ. Hamadan was the summer capital of the Median and was then called Ekbatan or Hegmataneh, which means a place of assembly . Hamadan is one of the cradles of Oriental Civilization with legendary background. According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (seven walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled of the Babylon Tower.
All the nations living around Iran coveted the prominent natural position of Hamadan from the times immemorial until recent centuries; and have invaded the city seveal times . First, the Assyrians destroyed Hamadan. It was ruined again and again during the invasion of gols and Tamerlane. Finally, in the recent centuries the Ottomans attacked the city several times; but Hamadan heroically stood against the enemies and courageously withstood all the damages it has sustained .
Hamadan is the homeland of great scholars and men of letters like Einalqozat Hamadani, Khajeh Rashidoddin Fazlollah, Adham Hamadani, Baba Taher Orian and Mirzadeh eshqi. The tombs of Avicenna and Baba taher are located in this city. It should be indicated that Hamadan has preserved its importance in the post Islamic period.