With 18050 Kilometers area, the province of Ardabil is located on the north-east of Iran . It includes the districts of Ardabil, Khalkhall, Meshkeen Shahr, Geirmi, Bilasavar and Pars Abad. The historic and Islamic city of Ardabil is the capital of the province .The population of the province in 1996 was 1,168,000 from which 48.8% were registered as urban dwellers while 51.1% were villagers and the remaining 0.22% were registered as nomad tribes. four districts of this province are located on the border with the Republic of Azarbaijan, with a total border line of 282.5 kilometers length . The river Aras and the river Balha consist 159 kilometers of the border length mentioned above.
Throughout two checkpoints, named Aslandooz and Bilasavar, this province ic connected the Republic of Azarbaijan, while Ardabil-Astara road via Hayran, connects Ardabil to Rasht, Qazvin and Tehran .Ardabil province enioys geographical and enviromental diversity. The district of Ardabil is consisted mainly of mountainous areas, including the famous mountain of Sabalan. the mountains Talesh and Bozghoosh which surround this district. Most of this district heights are above 3000 meters altitude, and the pake of Sabalan's hight is 4811 meters, while is located on the north-west of the district and causes the temperate weather of the area. Generally speaking, the district of Ardabil is known as one of the coldest areas of Iran with a very cold weather for 5-8 ths a year.
Cold winters and temperate summers characterise the climate of the district. Bilasavar District locates in a large plate, and it has a warm summer and a temperate winter.Parsabad-Mughan districtis located in a large plate too, and its weather is temperate to warm. The plate of Mughan is recognized as one of the most important modern agriculture and animal husbandry of the country.